National Institute for Cultural Research and Training
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The index for the budgetary expenditures for cultural activities was calculated as the average of standardized values concerning:
(a) the proportion spent for cultural activities from the local authority’s total budget for the year concerned, and
(b) the total expenditure on culture relative to the number of inhabitants of the city.
This category of indicators aims at identifying the financial support granted by the local authorities to the cultural field of the city. As mentioned in the previous edition of the survey, the budgets allocated by the local authorities to the institutions of culture are the main way of financing them.34 Compared to the indicators used in the 2010, which comprised the budgetary chapter titled “expenditure on culture, recreation and religion”, in the present edition of the study we have improved the measurement of this indicator by requesting data from Mayors’ institutions of the municipality on budget subsections, namely allocations for cultural and recreational services for youth (*only if the budgeted activities were cultural; e.g.: theatre festivals painting, music, exhibitions, street art, literary events, etc.), thus ignoring the amounts earmarked for religion/ cults and those for sporting activities which were part of the same budgetary chapter.
Standardization of the values was accomplished through the following steps:
(1) Data collection concerning the absolute values of a subindices (i.e. number of theaters).
(2) Calculating a value relative to a certain number of total residents (e.g.: number of theatres to 100,000 inhabitants out of their total).
(3) Substracting relative values average of each of the relative values obtained under step (2).
(4) Dividing each result obtained in step (3) to the standard deviation of the relative values.
Summing up all the steps in a formula, for x = the relative value of a sub-indices (see step 2), the standard value of x will be: (x – relative values mean)/standard deviation of relative values.
In the case of this category of indicators we collected data through official letters sent to the mayors of the 46 municipalities included in the
analysis, through which we have requested both the local total budget from the local public administration and the related appropriations for culture, budget subsections, namely amounts earmarked (allocations) for cultural services and recreational services for youth (*only if the budgeted activities were cultural; e.g.: theatre festivals painting, music, exhibitions, street art, literary events etc.).
The Study The Cultural Vitality of Cities in Romania, 2016 Edition, published in Culturadata Notebooks, vol 1/2017, Prouniversitaria Publishing House (available online on culturadata.ro).
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