Cultural infrastructure index

Section: Cultural Vitality of Cities

Cultural infrastructure index

Opportunities for access to cultural goods and services.

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Alba Iulia Arad Pitești Bacău Onești Oradea Bistrița Botoșani Brăila Brașov Buzău Călărași Reșița Cluj-Napoca Turda Constanța Sfântu Gheorghe Târgoviște Craiova Galați Giurgiu Târgu Jiu Miercurea Ciuc Deva Hunedoara Slobozia Iași Baia Mare Drobeta-Turnu Severin Targu Mureș Piatra Neamț Roman Slatina Ploiești Zalău Satu Mare Sibiu Mediaș Suceava Alexandria Timișoara Tulcea Râmnicu Vâlcea Vaslui Bârlad Focșani


Index of infrastructure for cultural activities was calculated as the average of the standardized values regarding to equipping those towns with cultural institutions (libraries, museums, movie theatre, seats in movie theatre, dramatic theatres, seats in dramatic theatre, musical theatres, seats in musical theatres, the puppet theatre, seats in puppet theatre, Opera, seats in Opera, the Philharmonic, seats in Philharmonics, artistic ensembles, popular orchestras, cultural centers and seats in cultural centers), relative to the number of inhabitants of the city.

Consequently, each of the absolute values of the sub-indices (e.g.: number of museums) has been relativized by the number of inhabitants (e.g.: number of museums to 100,000 inhabitants of the city) and, then, it was calculated the corresponding standardized value.

The 18 indicators that make up the present category are:
1. Libraries (number of libraries per 10,000 inhabitants)
2. Cinema (number of movie theaters to 10,000 inhabitants)
3. Cinema (number of seats in movie theaters per 1,000 inhabitants)
4. Museums (number of museums per 100,000 inhabitants)
5. Opera (number of Opera institutions per 100,000 inhabitants)
6. Opera (number of seats in the institutions of the opera per 1,000 inhabitants)
7. Philharmonic (number of Philharmonic institutions per 100,000 inhabitants)
8. Philharmonic (number of seats in the institutions of the Philharmonic at 1,000 inhabitants)
9. Dramatic theatres (number of theaters per 100,000 inhabitants)
10. Dramatic theatres (number of seats in the theaters per 1,000 inhabitants)
11. Musical theatres (musical theatres per 100,000 inhabitants)
12. Musical theatres (number of seats in musical theatres per 1,000 inhabitants)
13. Puppet theaters/ animation (number of puppet theaters per 100,000 inhabitants)
14. Puppet Theaters/ animation (number of seats in puppet theaters per 1,000 inhabitants)
15. Artistic ensembles (number of artistic ensembles per 100,000 inhabitants)
16. Popular orchestras (number of popular orchestras per 100,000 inhabitants)
17. Cultural centers (number of cultural centers per 100,000 inhabitants)
18. Cultural centers (number of jobs in the cultural centers per 1,000 inhabitants)

Standardization of the values was accomplished through the following steps:
(1) Data collection concerning the absolute values of a subindices (i.e. number of theaters).
(2) Calculating a value relative to a certain number of total residents (e.g.: number of theatres to 100,000 inhabitants out of their total).
(3) Substracting relative values average of each of the relative values obtained under step (2).
(4) Dividing each result obtained in step (3) to the standard deviation of the relative values.
Summing up all the steps in a formula, for x = the relative value of a sub-indices (see step 2), the standard value of x will be: (x – relative values mean)/standard deviation of relative values.

For data on cultural infrastructure and cultural participation we have collected a part of the required indicators from the TEMPO online database of The National Institute of Statistics (NIS), while another part we obtained from publicly unavailable databases of NIS. For the indicators relating to the number of cinemas, the number of seats in theaters and the number of viewers in cinemas we obtained data from the National Center of Cinematography.


The Cultural Vitality of Cities in Romania, 2016 Edition, published in Culturadata Notebooks, vol 1/2017, Prouniversitaria Publishing House (available online on