Section: Cultural Consumption Figures at Brâncuși’s House. A Perception on the Cultural Offer in the County of Gorj

National Identity and the Centenary of the Great Union

In order to better understand the cultural consumption practices, we need to know the manner in which people in a certain geographical space define themselves. The belonging to a national identity is no longer seen in the recent specialised literature as a pre-established attribute, but as a matter of choice between several possible supra- or sub-national identities.

From the (sub)national self-identification viewpoint, the majority of the Gorj population deem the local, county and national identities more important than the identity associated to the historical region (Oltenia). At the same time, three quarters of the respondents define their county’s identity through Constantin Brâncuși and his works.

Although they consider traditions and customs important, the Gorj population does not relate to these elements in a conservative manner exclusively. The respondents showed a high level of acceptance of other cultures’ traditions and customs. This is why this cultural openness could be valorised at the level of the events and activities organised by the county’s cultural institutions.

National and sub-national self-identification

 [What group do you feel you belong to?]

  • The commune / town you are living in
  • The county you are living in
  • The historical region you are living in
  • Romania
  • Europe
  • 54%
  • 20%
  • 19%
  • 6%
  • 1%

First mention

  • 49%
  • 24%
  • 13%
  • 12%
  • 2%

Second mention

  • 42%
  • 17%
  • 16%
  • 15%
  • 10%

Third mention


Subjective definition of national identity

[In your opinion, how important are the following aspects for somebody to be a “real Romanian”?]

  • Important and very important
  • Not too important and not at all important

To respect the laws and institutions of Romania

  • 96%
  • 4%

To have Romanian citizenship

  • 93%
  • 7%

To know to speak the Romanian language

  • 92%
  • 8%

To have Romanian origins

  • 92%
  • 8%

To feel that you are a Romanian

  • 92%
  • 8%

To be born in Romania

  • 90%
  • 10%

To be an Orthodox Christian

  • 85%
  • 15%

To have lived in Romania for almost the entire life

  • 82%
  • 18%

Relation to the Centenary of the Great Union

[What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you hear the syntagm “Centenary of the Great Union”?]

  • Mention of the union / Great Union
  • National identity elements
  • Temporal dimension of the Centenary
  • Anniversary, Events, Celebration
  • Feelings and values
  • Others
  • 42%
  • 20%
  • 16%
  • 11%
  • 9%
  • 2%

Cumulative percentages


Preferences for the events dedicated to the Centenary of the Great Union

[What type of events would you like to be organized in your locality on the occasion of the Great Union Centenary?]

Festive events

  • 43%

Cultural and educational events

  • 18%

Commemorative events

  • 11%

Local or identity-related events

  • 6%

Others

  • 7%

Don't know | Won't answer

  • 15%

Interest in attending cultural events dedicated to the Centenary of the Great Union [Would you be interested in attending cultural events dedicated to the Centenary of the Great Union organised in your county?]

  • To a very high extent
  • To a high extent
  • To a low extent
  • To a very low extent
24,47,23,6
  • To a very high extent
  • To a high extent
  • To a low extent
  • To a very low extent
  • 24%
  • 47%
  • 23%
  • 6%

-


Interest in attending cultural events dedicated to the Centenary of the Great Union, depending on age

  • To a high and very high extent
  • To a low and very low extent
  • 78%
  • 22%

18-29 years old

  • 72%
  • 28%

30-39 years old

  • 80%
  • 20%

40-49 years old

  • 64%
  • 36%

50-64 years old

  • 65%
  • 35%

65 years old and above


Interest in attending cultural events dedicated to the Centenary of the Great Union, depending on education level

  • To a high and very high extent
  • To a low and very low extent

Higher education

  • 84%
  • 16%

High school education

  • 73%
  • 27%

Elementary education

  • 64%
  • 36%

Definition of the Gorj county identity [In your opinion, which of the following elements best defines the Gorj county identity?]

  • Constantin Brâncuși and his works
  • Other elements of tangible cultural heritage
  • Natural heritage / Landscapes
  • Other personalities representative for Gorj County
  • Others
  • Intangible heritage / Traditions
  • 75%
  • 11%
  • 5%
  • 4%
  • 3%
  • 2%

Cumulative percentages


History of living in the locality [How long have you been living in this locality? – re-codification]

  • I've been living in the same locality since birth
  • I am living in a locality different from the one I was born in
78,22
  • I've been living in the same locality since birth
  • I am living in a locality different from the one I was born in
  • 78%
  • 22%

-


Personal or family experiences regarding external migration [Which of the following statements fit your situation?]

  • Yes
  • No

One of my family members or a close relative is working abroad

  • 33%
  • 67%

I used to work abroad

  • 12%
  • 88%

One of my family members or a close relative used to work abroad

  • 12%
  • 88%

I travelled abroad as a tourist

  • 11%
  • 89%